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Graciela Iturbide, Avándaro


In the context of the 45th anniversary of the Rock y Ruedas Festival, held in Avándaro (near Valle de Bravo, Mexico) the Museo Universitario del Chopo presents a series of photographs by Graciela Iturbide, together with videos and documents about this decisive event in the history of the counter culture in Mexico in the twentieth century.


The photographic material is presented as part of an exhibition for the first time in 45 years. The artist published these images in Avándaro (Editorial Diógenes, 1971), the first book to contain her work, together with texts by filmmaker Luis Carrión.


Both he and another filmmaker, Jorge Fons, and Iturbide recorded this festival, which the organizers had announced as the most important rock event to date.


Álvaro Vázquez Mantecón, curator of the exhibition, remarks that the festival took place against a particular social backdrop, and in the wake of the repression of student movements on October 2, 1968 and June 10, 1971. A youth counterculture had emerged that expressed itself in different spheres, with rock groups in particular no longer content to sing Spanish covers of songs from the U.S. hit parade, and daring to compose their own music, even if it was frequently sung in English.


As the curator explains, at Avándaro a large number of cultural processes were reflected, some of them contradictory. Iturbide portrayed the perplexity of a society that was seeing itself for the first time outside of the cultural margins of nationalism, or of a limited modernity designed by cultural elites.


In this series of images we can see the origin of a specific way of taking photographs, one that emerges through dialogue with the characters and the shared consciousness between photographer and subject. It is essentially rooted, however, in the decision of Iturbide to capture the tensions and contradictions of a changing society.


Until December 11, 2016


Graciela Iturbide (Mexico City, 1942). Iturbide commenced her studies at the UNAM’s Center for Film Studies (CUEC) in 1969, where she was taught by Manuel Álvarez Bravo, who later invited her to work with him as his assistant.


She has exhibited around the world, including at the Georges Pompidou Center in Paris (1982); Hokkaido Museum of Photography, Japan; and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1990). She also participated in the Arles Photography Festival, France (1991).


Her exhibitions include Images of the Spirit, at the Philadelphia Museum of Art (1998); Retrospective, Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California (2007-2008);Graciela Iturbide, organized by the Fundación MAPFRE in Madrid (2009);Graciela Iturbide, Museo Amparo, Puebla (2013); and Graciela Iturbide, Retrospective, Tate Modern, London,among others.


She has been awarded the following prizes and honors: W. Eugene Smith; Guggenheim Foundation grant; First Prize at the Paris Photo Month of Photography; First Prize at Hokkaido, Japan; Hasselblad Prize (2008); Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artesin Mexico (2009). She received an homage at the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City in 2014 and is part of Mexico’s National System of Art Creators. She received an Honorary Doctorate in Photography from Columbia College, Chicago (2008), and an Honorary Doctorate in Art from the San Francisco Art Institute (2009).


Her work can be found in numerous publications:Avándaro (Editorial Diógenes, 1971); Los que viven en la arena (Instituto Nacional Indigenista, 1981); Sueños de papel (Río de Luz, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1985); Juchitán de las mujeres (Ediciones Toledo, 1989); En el nombre del padre (Ediciones Toledo, 1993); Fiesta und Ritual (BenteliVerlag, 1994); Images of the Spirit (Aperture, 1997); Graciela Iturbide (Phaidon, 2001); India-México (DGE Ediciones, 2002); Pájaros (Twin Palms Publishers, 2002); Naturata(Ediciones Galería López Quiroga, 2004); Ojos para volar (University of Texas/Alkek Library Special Collections); Torrijos: The Man and The Myth (Umbrage Editions, 2007); Roma, Festival Internacional de la Fotografía (2007); El baño de Frida Kahlo (Editorial RM/Galería López Quiroga, 2009); Asor (Steidl, 2009); México-Roma (Editorial RM, 2011); No hay nadie (La Fábrica, 2011); Graciela Iturbide (Lunwer/Photo Poche, 2011); and Graciela Iturbide (CONACULTA, 2013).


Álvaro VázquezMantecón. Doctor in History of Art. Full time Research Professor at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (Azcapotzalco campus). Author of several works on twentieth century Mexican politics and culture.


He has participated in a number of exhibition projects: La era de la discrepancia, arte y cultura visual en México, 1968-1997 (2006); Memorial del 68 (2007), for which he was researcher and curator; Cine y revolución(2010); Imágenes del cardenismo(2011); and Desafío a la Estabilidad: procesos artísticos en México, 1952-1967 (2014). His books include: Orígenes literarios de un arquetipofílmico: adaptaciones cinematográficas a Santa de Federico Gamboa (2005); Memorial del 68 (2007); and El cine súper 8 en México, 1970-1989 (2012).


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Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971 4

Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971, 4


Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971

Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971


Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971, 7

Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971, 7


Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971 8

Graciela Iturbide. Sin título, Avándaro, 1971 8



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